Topic 2 How has time management been perceived over time

In Western world, time has always been perceived as an important commodity. Increasing industrializations has been putting more and more demands on our efficiency and making the most of our time. Gradually, other requirements have emerged concerning better organization and quality of our private lives, and time management ceased to be a purely logical discipline, highlighting also emotions, values and priorities. Time management can be broken down into 4 generations.

1st Generation Time Management

Work tasks are recorded in so-called To-Do list (simple notepad). The advantage is its simple control, while its disadvantage is absence of noting down priorities and deadlines. Once completed, the task was simply marked or crossed out.

2nd Generation Time Management

Work scheduling using simple calendars or diaries. Tasks noted are completed with deadlines and goals are fixed. As a result, the agenda was clear and it was easy to navigate through the daily plans.

3rd Generation Time Management

Work scheduling involves assigning values or priorities to individual tasks. The 3rd generation system is able to identify high-priority tasks and put them in the foreground. Every preparation needs good scheduling.

4th Generation Time Management

It is a tool for long-term life management rather than traditional time management, developed by streamlining all the previous tools. It is completed to include also life goals, missions and wishes of their users, helping them identify what is important in their lives and prioritizing everything accordingly, including time scheduling.

Development of time management perception

Real-situation mapping: basic time management areas in 4th generation time management


  • Relax
  • Sport
  • Reading
  • Charity
  • Church-going


  • Wife / spouse
  • Children
  • Parents
  • Other relatives
  • Leisure time
  • Care for your time


  • Employment
  • Self-employed
  • Career start, maintenance, development
  • Money earning
  • Self-fulfilment


  • Good friends being no threat for me
  • Friends willing to help me on my way and to whom I am ready to help as well.

Real-situation mapping: basic time management areas in 4th generation time management

Before moving on to another part of the training, fill in your boxes that should map your current situation how you allocate your time, to whom and which activities. You can use the questions below to guide you: